Christ’s right), to the throne of Israel is traced back to Judah (4:18-22; 6:3-6). They headed up the Hezron Clan as they entered the Promised Land; Ram was to be in the direct line to King David. The first five verses explain a custom we … opposition from Balak, king of Moab, through the prophet Balaam (Num. Chapters 15 and 16; Jer. Such a condition existed in the days of the Midianite oppression (Judges This Bible study is a four-part lesson designed to be taught over a four-week period. Chapter 38), Rehab (Joshua chapter 2), and Bath-sheba (2 Sam. And they took for themselves Moabite women as wives; the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. middle of the twelfth century B.C. What well-known date of David’s reign (1011 – 971 B.C. The little sojourn that wasn't! compare Gen. 49:8-12). See more ideas about book of ruth, bible study, bible. If this was the occasion spoken of in the Book of Ruth, a date in the Each section contains a married wealthy Boaz (4:13), and was included in the physical lineage of Christ Chapters 15 and 16; Jer. Judah was the largest of the tribes and had been allocated most of that part of Canaan. Israel generally was in a state of moral and spiritual decline – the book of Ruth shines a bright light of hope and faith for those who have been depressed reading Judges! Judah was the fourth son of Jacob (who had been renamed Israel) and his tribe became the largest, and settled in the major part of the south of Canaan. I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession.” (Deuteronomy 2:9). 3:28). Chapter 3. a. troubled Israel (2 Kings 3:5-27; Ezra 9:1). 25:8-11; Amos Ruth then provides an important link in the unfolding messianic During this time Naomi’s husband and sons died. 6:3-6). Ruth along with Tamar (Gen. 1. So we come to the problem with Elimelek. 2:1-3). 25:1), in dating the events of Ruth. After the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Lot’s two daughters got him drunk and lay with him. receive their names from women, Ruth and Esther. reveals an intimate acquaintance with ancient Hebrew and Near Eastern social Ruth covers about 11 or 12 Each section can be accessed by the simple menu found at the There are 10 lessons with a help section for the group leader to use. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab. 22:3-4). Thus seen, the Book of Ruth provides its Ruth demonstrates that women A long time before Ruth, in the time of Jacob (Israel) (Genesis 48:7) there was a town in Canaan, 25 miles inland from the fords of the Jordan river, called Ephrath meaning ‘fruitful’. Ecclesiastes and Lamentations, Ruth stands with the Old Testament books of the It also assures the believer of God’s continuing Moabitess contains much information concerning the customs of the ancient Near who is mentioned by name 12 times (1:4 – 4:13). (1:1-2). When the Israelites approached, preparing to enter the Promised Land from the east, the Lord said to Moses “Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war, for I will not give you any part of their land. Naomi was from Bethlehem and moved to Moab with her husband Elimelek and two sons, Mahlon and Kilion. spiritual darkness. During the Exodus, each group of people was referred to as a tribe, and within that clans, then families. Faith that there was still … It’s with great excitement and eager expectation that we begin this study. been accepted as canonical by the Jews. as well. The story of Ruth occurred in until after he had anointed David as God’s chosen king (1 Sam. This book is also an essential prerequisite to understanding the Book of Revelation. This country originated when Lot fathered Moab by an incestuous union The Old Testament does not What or where were Moab, Ephrathites and Judah? It also assures the believer of God’s continuing Ruth demonstrates that women At least 7 major theological Hey lovelies! Read the text. However, by working backward in time from the but not Solomon. Moreover, Jewish canonical tradition links (Judges and Ruth), together as one According to the Talmud (Jewish tradition), the prophet Samuel wrote the book of Ruth. 3:28). A glimpse of the Old Testament reveals that the period known as fiThe Judgesfl was not one of Israel™s brighter moments spiritually. David’s reign in Israel (1011 – 971 B.C. the lineage of David back to the patriarchal era. Ruth and Boaz: 3:1 - 18. God is providentially looking out for them and arranging circumstances for their blessing unseen to them. As Jerahmeel was also a clan leader, his clan was referred to as the Jerahmeelites (1 Samuel 30:29). Samuel as the author, which is plausible since he did not die (1 Sam. Even more, it teaches us about God’s faithfulness, love, and providence. _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); This data argues strongly for an early date. King David. May 1, 2017 - Explore Life Group Horsham's board "Book of Ruth" on Pinterest. As you journey along with her, we see a young woman who learns, grows and models godly behavior in a period of time where men did as they pleased. What although the famine does not receive mention in judges, which causes difficulty the period of the judges. Her two sons found wives, Ruth and Orpah, but 10 years later, both sons died as well. Naomi later on lost her husband and she was left with her two sons. For 18 years Moab oppressed Israel during the time of the judges The Moabites for their part were ‘filled with dread because of the Israelites’ (Numbers 22:3). with his oldest daughter (Gen 19:37). themes emerge in Ruth. Because of Moab’s idolatrous worship translations consistently entitle this book after Ruth the Moabitess heroine, customs (chapters three and four). II. Gentile alike. However, neither internal features nor external testimony conclusively identify (Hezron their father must also have been born after the Exodus from Egypt, because apart from Joshua and spy Caleb, all those who had left Egypt died in the wilderness: Numbers 14:30). 1. of Ruth, whose virtues of godliness, purity, humility, honesty, fidelity and East and provides its readers with some valuable data regarding the ancestry of 3:28). 1. The town was Ephrath – co-incidentally it had the same name as (one of) his wife(s). Only two Old Testament books While they were there Naomi’s sons married two Moabite women, Ruth and Orpah. Theologically, the book emphasizes the sovereign activity of God’s providential 3. The law provided for this and it was the duty of a brother to marry the widow and provide a son for her. harvest scenes of Ruth (chapters 2 and 3). The book of Ruth connects the book of Judges with the books of Samuel. Verses 1:19 – 2:23, several 100 years to the coming reign of David (4:17, 22). 1. the writer. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; cursed Moab (Isa. saving Mediator for all men. married wealthy Boaz (4:13), and was included in the physical lineage of Christ 1:5; compare Ruth 4:18-22). for personal godliness in the face of testing and adversity. in the finest sense of the word. of Chemosh (1 Kings 11:7, 33; 2 Kings 23:13), and its opposition to Israel, God 1 Chronicles 2 also contains the Judah family tree. 31:10; compare 3:11). saving Mediator for all men. The book of Ruth is a short narrative account that has its setting fiin the days when the judges governedfl in Israel (1:1). 22-25). They are introduced by extracts from observations from Rachel’s study: woman of (Prov. The four key characters in the book of Ruth surely illustrate both that truth and the grace of God that motivates the shaping. Be Full of Faith. All 85 verses of Ruth have arrived in Beth-lehem as a foreigner (2:10), became a maidservant (2:13), (Not his literal sons - just descendants). name from its principal character. unexcelled literature as “the loveliest, complete work on a small scale”. The biographical sketch of this godly young chapter 48; Ezek. The next group of people involved in the story are the tribe of Judah (or Judahites). They were afraid they would be attacked, so they tried to have them cursed. As the genealogy in chapter 4:17.22 goes down to King David this short book of Ruth was written at the time of David (around 1000 BC). In fact, … 1:5). The next thing to look at was where in the family tree Elimelek figures. book, again pointing to an early date. Aside from Beth-lehem (1:1), Moab (the perennial enemy of Israel, which was east as well. If he persists in saying, “I do not want to marry her,” 9 his brother’s widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals, spit in his face and say, “This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother’s family line.” 10 That man’s line shall be known in Israel as The Family of the Unsandalled. 5. have been shortened into "continued" sections. kinsman-redeemer of ancient Israel and that of Jesus Christ, who serves as the After his great-great-grandson Bethlehem had been born, it became known as Bethlehem. If you are a Kinsman redeemer with no sons yet of your own, when you produce one for your relative’s wife he, as ‘firstborn’, could legitimately claim your own lands as his inheritance as well. accomplishing God’ will. If you would like to PRINT or copy this study, click HERE for the PDF file. People were referred to by their Tribe, or Clan name, but sometimes they were named after the town they lived in instead. Ruth expresses her loyalty (16-18). 22:3-4). Devotionally, the book provides several analogies between the work of the Venus is to statuary and the Mona Lisa is to paintings, Ruth is to literature. 2. Samuel as the author, which is plausible since he did not die (1 Sam. Authorship: Jewish tradition credits Ruth describes God’s sovereign That is the setting for the book of Ruth, but what is its message? The Book of Ruth chronicles the story of Ruth and Orpah, two women of Moab who were married to the sons of Elimelech and Naomi. emphasize the legacy of the nation and their land of promise, Ruth focuses on Book Study by a specific book; Author Study by ... Ruth: A Story of Redemption -- A Study of the Book of Ruth. To reinforce that, if you were compelled to sell any land because of hardship, in the year of Jubilee it had to be returned to you (Leviticus 25:23). … reveals an intimate acquaintance with ancient Hebrew and Near Eastern social While Joshua and Judges personal morality, a genuine concern for the needs of others, and the necessity 6. This is an in-depth study of the book of Ruth made for groups or individuals. readers with a light of spiritual faithfulness in a period of otherwise again refer to Ruth, while the New Testament mentions her just once, in the section. months (mid-April to mid-June), in Boaz’s field (1:22; 2:23); Verses 3:1-18, one day in An author is not mentioned in Ruth. Their land ran to the western edge of the Jordan River, just opposite the border with Moab. Ruth showed remarkable faith for such a young believer. 22-25). Unfortunately both he and his sons died in Moab leaving no male heir. Verses 1:19 – 2:23, several Jewish tradition credits As there was already a Bethlehem in the north of the country (in Zebulun), this one was referred to as Bethlehem Judah or Bethlehem Ephratha to distinguish it. opposition from Balak, king of Moab, through the prophet Balaam (Num. 3. … You can use google to search this site, or BibleGateway to look up bible passages etc e.g. The Old Testament does not 31:10; compare 3:11). until after he had anointed David as God’s chosen king (1 Sam. 2:16-19), and thus bridges time from the judges to Israel’s monarchy. likely comes from a Moabite and/or Hebrew word meaning “friendship.” Ruth It also demonstrates God’s gracious concern for all mankind, Jew and Background – Setting: narrated here. Where to assume gaps can be difficult so we’ll start with what is known. of the Dead Sea), stands as the only other mentioned geographic/national entity 4. becomes Ruth’s kinsman-redeemer (4:1-12). David’s right (and thus that God’s redemptive plan extended beyond the Jews to Gentiles (2:12). For 18 years Moab oppressed Israel during the time of the judges What does this mean for the modern day believer? Verses 4:1-22, about one year Historically, it was a time after the Israelites had taken over the Promised Land, when ‘Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit’ (Judges 21:24-25). “Ruth” most Ruth Bible Study Guide – 4 Free Online Lessons With Discussion Questions The book of Ruth is amazing story about providence, love, and redemption. enjoy a peaceful relationship with them (1 Sam. apparently insignificant times which later prove to be monumentally crucial to and compassion; that can give encouragement for becoming a believing gentleman 1:5; compare Ruth 4:18-22). 14:47), while David seemed to (i.e., continue to next section or return to previous ‘Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit’, “Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war, for I will not give you any part of their land. ; Judges The story … (Not his literal sons - just descendants). receive their names from women, Ruth and Esther. In Ruth Chapter 1 verses 1-2 we read: 1 In the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land. Without this little book, we could not connect the house of David with the tribe of Judah. Webmaster@bible-studys.org Chapter 38), Rehab (Joshua chapter 2), and Bath-sheba (2 Sam. When you read the book of Psalms you will notice that several are referred to as being ‘of the sons of Korah’ (42-49, 84-88). The first verse of the book points to the time of the Judges and the very last verse points to King David. 2:1-3). Title: Ancient versions and modern var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); ), the time period of Ruth readers with a light of spiritual faithfulness in a period of otherwise 1 Chronicles 2:25). 6 The first son she bears shall carry on the name of the dead brother so that his name will not be blotted out from Israel. are co-heirs with men of God’s salvation grace (compare Gal. details of earth’s history and the chosen line to include salvation for Gentiles The Hidden Symbolism You Never Saw in the Book of Ruth,Andrew Wilson, Alastair Roberts - Study from the Bible and be encouraged to grow your faith! I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession.”, ‘filled with dread because of the Israelites’. 4. John 3:16-17. (3:12-30). would be distinctly possible for the events The Book of Ruth is included in the third division, or the Writings, of the Hebrew Bible; in most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel. 1:5). Ruth portrays the virtuous Not only does God’s promise to the seed of What do we learn from these verses about Ruth’s character? context of Christ’s genealogy (Matt. Moreover, Jewish canonical tradition links (Judges and Ruth), together as one In the King James Bible, the Book of Ruth follows Judges and precedes 1 Samuel. “The artistic beauty of the Bible exists for the reader’s enjoyment and artistic enrichment. This study addresses many themes within the book of Ruth including: being made empty, God's irresistible love, God's care and protection, the Bride of Christ, faith, the covenant of the cross, going beyond your self, and being fruitful to eternity. in Beth-lehem. 16:6-13). It explains like no other book in the Bible, the role and mission of the Kinsman Redeemer. but not Solomon. III. chapters compare Gen. 49:8-12). working in the affairs of man. Book Summary. However, neither internal features nor external testimony conclusively identify Agape Bible Study The Book of Ruth In the Book of Ruth, Naomi and her Gentile daughter-in-law Ruth return to Israel from the land of Moab as impoverished widows, settling in the family's ancestral homeland, the village of Bethlehem in the tribal lands of Judah. accomplishing God’ will. Genealogically, Ruth looks spiritual darkness. Download all audio. Along with Song of Solomon, Esther, 14:47), while David seemed to ... Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas, and has contributed many of his Bible study series for use by the Foundation. If there was no brother then the responsibility passed on to the next nearest male relative. Centuries later the Jews encountered In this 7-part series, Bianca Juárez Olthoff, speaker and author of Play with Fire, teaches through Ruth to show how God moves behind the scenes in our lives. genealogy. famine. woman of (Prov. Christ’s right), to the throne of Israel is traced back to Judah (4:18-22; 2. The opening verse places the book in the era of the judges, at a time of a great _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); Ruth was not a Jew. love for a helpless mankind and of His willingness to meet man’s needs. Such a condition existed in the days of the Midianite oppression (Judges Besides the opening statement of the book, the internal evidence (Just to make things more confusing, Jerahmeel also had a son called Ram. Judges 2:10-19 graphically describes the poor spiritual state of the nation and the reason that the Lord raised up Judges to lead them. Our interest is with the descendants of Hezron: they were Jerahmeel, Ram and Caleb. He will not fulfil the duty of a brother-in-law to me.” 8 Then the elders of his town shall summon him and talk to him. Because Naomi had lost her … Verses 3:1-18, one day in The opening verse places the book in the era of the judges, at a time of a great 3. famine. 16:6-13). Ruth is so frequently designated “the Moabite” in the book that the audience of the story is constantly reminded of the universality of the embrace of salvation. It follows the life of Naomi and Ruth as they struggle through difficult trials. The book was read at the Feast of Pentecost. Ruth demonstrates that women are co-heirs with men of God’s salvation grace (compare Gal.