The subjunctive is actually made up of four tenses (the present subjunctive, past subjunctive, imperfect subjunctive, and the pluperfect subjunctive). In English, the subjunctive mood is used to explore conditional or imaginary situations. We refer to the subjunctive not as a tense, but as a mood. The German Subjunctive. Unlike the subjunctive moods in Spanish and French, we use the subjunctive mood in English far less frequently. On the last page of this article (page 8), you'll find many more links to subjunctive related articles on About.com, including verb conjugations in the subjunctive mood. Define subjunctive. The subjunctive mood is used to talk about desires, doubts, wishes, conjectures, and possibilities. What is the subjunctive mood? For example, an action can be a fact, a command, a possibility, or a wish. The subjunctive mood. You probably know that verbs have tenses, like past and present, but did you know that verbs can also have moods? It is a special kind of present tense; for all verbs except the past tense of ‘be’ (‘were’), the subjunctive is the same as the infinitive without ‘to’. For all verbs and all persons, the form is the base of the verb, for example: be, have, do, go, sing, work. Verb moods refer to the attitude in which an action is expressed. When someone says something that is doubtful or that is clearly known to be false, the subjunctive mood changes the form of the verb to express that feeling. The subjunctive is actually a very diverse tool with the world of grammar. But it’s quite useful (and aesthetically pleasing, at least to us), and careful users of English should do their part to preserve it. Subjunctive in English What is Subjunctive? The subjunctive mood is a verb form that is used to express doubt or uncertainty in a statement. The present subjunctive is what we’ll mostly be dealing with, since it’s by far the most commonly used form of this mood, both in spoken and written contemporary French. ; The indicative mood is used to talk about facts and other statements that are believed to be true and concrete. The subjunctive is used after certain expressions that contain an order or a request, a hypothetical, or a wish. It can be tricky to use, which partially explains why many speakers and writers forgo it. In German the subjunctive is called the Konjunktiv and there are two of them.Konjunktiv I—which is formed differently from its younger brother Konjunktiv II—is used chiefly for reporting indirect speech and old fashioned commands.Historians and journalists will be pleased to know there’s a mood in which they can really show off. That should help you figure it out at least 90% of the time. It is also used a little less often in American English than in British English because of its sense of implied formality. Base Subjunctive Form of base subjunctive. The subjunctive refers to a form of verb that qualifies the existence of the subject as being somewhat dependent or doubtful. The form of the base subjunctive is extremely simple. ; The imperative mood is used to give commands. The subjunctive is a verb form in English that is relatively rare, but is structurally very simple. The subjunctive mood refers to verbs that are used to describe hypothetical or non-real actions, events, or situations. The base subjunctive does not use any other forms (goes, sings, works). In most cases, the subjunctive form of a verb is usually the third-person form of the verb with the ‑s dropped, but the verb to be is a special case. One of these moods is called the subjunctive mood. 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