Certain cultivars can withstand moderate cold and occasional frost. Commercial orchards produce an average of seven tonnes per hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per hectare. Expected yields. A unit of tree if irrigated well will provide 1,000 fruits per year. South Africa not concerned about competition due to growing demand In the southernmost tip Africa, the Hass season is over, but greenskin avocados are still available. In Africa, farmers can reach 20 tons of avocado per hectare, with a higher percentage of export-quality avocado. Avocado trees may start to bear fruit in the second year, but you generally won’t harvest commercial quantities until the third year. This is due to the extensive penetration of avocado cultivation among small holder farmers and the complimentary growing conditions. %���� Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. It exports around 80percent of its 260 hectares’ worth of avocados - and is planning to expand by another 120 hectares. There are currently about 16500 hectares of avocado plantations, and that area is growing by about 1000 hectares a year. All avocado cultivars that are grown commercially in South Africa are known to be sensitive to water stress. �F�a��� ���HV�����{|����?�ˆ�]�K��7)��L�L���=p���Ȍ����ը*�P+��-��S��L�{6�P��Q�j� ����]��6��������א��\C���2��ez�^.oo��꒞*W�yڀ��:7WW7�.I��>Up�p����%������]��@�ބI��a��(�Ǒ�+���ŀ�o���Д��E�ƭܐ���ޢM�u0 � ^��_� /,��`x ������ �%p�@"ˍ�Rq��Ǣd�1���/7���k\����m-�+�=�$��оh�����w���"�I��m�R��9e�D!��'etcV۳~ўk�W�O�6•�;���h�-Ps���eń�lC"5k� \v��@+��`z"5%���ړ��-Z͊lAy\��Z�%��[��=�7-�O=�?T W��P��f*���6�[�i���2�M�R�^}y��ϻZXvf�Ғ�!S����Cu@#a����$R�#��+����L�v �ݶ����B۔��(F�I��y+�7��uVi��� 5L��+����,@�6�]��,UO�} a��I�� ��e��M�bu�� �"�GGW��"�D����0�����m� j��D9 K�����Y՜Vڤ��/� �]�e������B�~+�����ځgD�_�1�|ivt��͎�I)G/y�}qA�" �J2�F�� �H��»�. Already, South Africa generates around R1.85billion a year from avocados, producing around 125000 tons and exporting more than half to Europe. Choosing a suitable avocado cultivar depends mainly on the marketing strategy, market demands, and the farm’s climate and water availability. The trees were planted in 1995, with yields collected from 1997 to 1999. All avocado cultivars that are grown commercially in South Africa are known to be sensitive to water stress. With Hass, I’m on the market for three months of the year, but if [the price] is down for two of those months, my profitability is eroded. hello Robert, hass avocado farming does very well in Mugoiri Muranga, once you pay 40k per acre its inclusive of all expenses including soil testing, grafted hass seedlings,planting, monitoring for the three months and also connecting you with the market. Already, South Africa generates around 1.85 billion rand ($137 million) a year from avocados, producing around 125,000 tonnes and exporting more than half to Europe. The production of avocados in South Africa is estimated to decrease by 25 percent to 127,000 Metric Tons (MT) in the 2018/19 Marketing Year (MY), due to the fall in yields, premature fruit drop, and the cyclical on-year and off-year nature of avocado production. The status of avocado production in Africa Order form: ARC-TSC Book catalogue. “Green skins are still popular in South Africa alongside the black skins. From 10 to 12 years old trees, the yield can be expected from 300 to 400 fruits per tree. 3 0 obj Usually, the average yield in Kenya is 87,780 fruits per hectare. endobj In the domestic market, there is also opportunity to increase avocado consumption. Fruit Size Small to medium (140 – 350g) – large fruit an exception. Donkin said the rate could hit as much as 2000 hectares a year within the next few years. is desirable, although most avocado production regions experience a dry period during flowering. The South African Avocado Growers Association (S AAGA) was formed in the late 1960's. %PDF-1.5 You can discover details including real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and more. Editors: E A de Villiers & P H Joubert Size: A5; Price: R380 E-mail: infoitsc@arc.agric.za This handbook is a concise body of knowledge to assist the avocado producer to maximize yields with production techniques that … production, followed by Jalisco and Mexico, with 9.2 and 4.5 percent respectively. South Africa not concerned about competition due to growing demand In the southernmost tip Africa, the Hass season is over, but greenskin avocados are still available. <> Best yields can be as high as 20 tonnes to the hectare. According to Dr. Andre Ernst of Allesbeste Nursery, in South African conditions the best Hass production is 12-15 tonnes per hectare, but Maluma "easily exceeds that". The yield of an Avocado Fruit: Read: Post Harvest Techniques for Fruits; Vegetables. South Africa’s per capita consumption is 0,8kg/person, one of the lowest in the world. The yield per hectare, 8.8 tonnes, is higher than for countries like Chile and Peru. �t3M��x�U� �C��������t�ȶ���n�|�[9�����6���Xt�6�sT$��;#�!�����;Y�Mdu�M֝=>ԋ"��Ipu�Q���&7�zI�E�S��i��ȗE�"uf�� V�� ��+ХVm��ܻM9[��Oِǭ�XABgw@��b&A�/�YMI]ٺ:�4M��$l}�+Ʊr�pI{ tPLByH+~���3�9[��3v,:�S]OI}R$S��ʂ�b�)����%�}m����m}=M���� �N�T�8.���@�)�ʻ� �d:Ɂj�N�r�.��ã�z��=��V?/�Z+�ʿ��w�(���ZI�!r��K >%�=)IB��֭�n[�`d�z���k�*�3P����cDQ�*� �%��vaM;aCDz�Tu8*�qo(H�u>��n�H�`Fh�O 5O���t��#W5�$��|:ƹ`�T���ܤk�-�H�굑�Β�TH�/#�(�.��r�f�zImčj�ٮ*ݶD�^Ԯ^Z��=J��K��C����WA�]��{C��G:u��+�ˇ�&9ZM���;�S�6��)������6��1C�����O���. “Forestry plantations are being felled and cleared and avocados planted,” said Derek Donkin, chief executive of the South African Subtropical Growers’ Association. … Order form: ARC-TSC Book catalogue. • The pH value (in water) of avocado soils should be between 5,0 and 7,0. The major avocado export companies h*�3X:m�.�}�����ZށHc�&�K'�V:�θ��X�U A worker sorts avocados at a farm factory in Mbombela, Mpumalanga, near the Swaziland border, earlier this month. is desirable, although most avocado production regions experience a dry period during flowering. for less than an acre you can buy seedlings from us and advice you how t take care of them. The production of avocados in South Africa is estimated to decrease by 25 percent to 127,000 Metric Tons (MT) in the 2018/19 Marketing Year (MY), due to the fall in yields, premature fruit drop, and the cyclical on-year and off-year nature of avocado production. “The majority of South Africa’s crop is exported. The global production is estimated at 76% in America, 11% in Africa, 9% in Asia and 2% in Europe and in the South Pacific totaling to about 600,000 metric tons per year. In the UK, a bacon and avocado sandwich is the biggest-selling sandwich. Large areas of old "Fuerte " orchards exist in South Africa, and their low tree number per hectare and huge tree size makes them difficult to manage. <>>> The firm hopes that its trial plantation in the Western Cape - hit hard by drought this year - might allow it to extend what is now a six-month season to 10 months, to supply a global year-round demand. Explore detailed information about South Africa's Avocado market. More than half a million households grow avocado in a 15,000 hectares combined area in Rwanda. The mission of SAAGA is to improve the economic viability of producing, packing and marketing of avocados. Characteristics Waltham variety matures 90 to 100 days after transplanting and can yield five to six tonnes per acre. Proper pest and disease control, plant density and soil fertility are the major factors affecting the yields of hass avocado. In the vast majority of cases, Rwanda yields some 21 metric tons per hectare that is nearly double that of Kenya. The yield depends on the variety, age of the tree and farm management practices. And that is very good news for South Africa’s farmers, struggling with drought, who are switching to a crop whose farm-gate price has risen 130percent since 2008. According to Dr. Andre Ernst of Allesbeste Nursery, in South African conditions the best Hass production is 12-15 tonnes per hectare, but Maluma "easily exceeds that". Dec 14, 2020 ~ Dec 21, 2020 +13.1%. In 2008, they fetched an average R9.64 per … While the average yield is influenced by many factors including climate, variety and the age of the plantation, typical yields of Hass avocado, for example, reach 20-30 tons per hectare on a yearly average. This can partly be attributed to market forces. So, in the above example there is a need for 560 000 litres (0.56 megalitres) per hectare for the month of November. Commercial orchards produce an average of seven tonnes per hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per hectare. Skin does not yield to pressure easily – once soft or shriveled, fruit is overripe. Similarly, other cultivars are more in demand for export or local markets and as such, the choice needs to be made between green-skinned and black-skinned types. An annual rainfall exceeding 1 000 mm is desirable, and it should be well distributed, with the only dry period in June and July. All avocado cultivars grown commercially in South Africa are sensitive to water stress. If you subtracted production costs – for irrigation and fertiliser - of around R25,000 per hectare per year, that is still a lot of money. South African avocado production … South Africa: Avocado volumes too low to make profit. Low yields are often the result of: poor management of phytophthora root rot disease; poor management of soil moisture In 2008, they fetched an average R9.64 per kg; in 2017 it was R22.10. • On average, sunflowers account for approximately 3.8% of the total area cultivated in South Africa (which is estimated at 13.2 million hectares). Large areas of old "Fuerte " orchards exist in South Africa, and their low tree number per hectare and huge tree size makes them difficult to manage. Picture: REUTERS/Siphiwe Sibeko. Traditionally, avocados were grown in humid sub-tropical climates in Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, but now they are being planted in the drier Eastern Cape and Western Cape provinces. Consequently, most older orchards in South Africa were initially planted with four times the number of trees compared with 50 to 100 mature trees after final thinning. Wholesale Price Change. South Africa's agricultural sector is recovering from the worst drought in almost a century. The Hass avocado, is a cultivar of avocado with dark green-colored, bumpy skin. While the average yield is influenced by many factors including climate, variety and the age of the plantation, typical yields of Hass avocado, for example, reach 20-30 tons per hectare on a yearly average. Effect of planting density on the yield of five avocado cultivars in South Africa. “They swop the annual crops like maize, cotton and alfalfa for more permanent crops,” said Wessel Lemmer, senior agricultural economist at Absa Bank. Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. The Cultivation of Avocado. The mist-belt areas of South Africa are especially suitable in this regard. An annual rainfall exceeding 1 000 mm is desirable, and it should be well distributed, with the only dry period in June and July. The seeds are available in 10g, 25g, 50g, 100, 250g, 500g at certified agro-vets. A well distributed rainfall in excess of 1 000 mm p.a. All avocado cultivars grown commercially in South Africa are sensitive to water stress. Techniques such as drip irrigation, which drips water slowly on to the soil, and planting orchids on ridges to reduce surface run-off help to make the most of the water available. Skin Thick, green, pebbly skin changes colour to purple/black when ripe/ready to eat. x��[ms�6���|$;6 /;��(��K�l�b����>0�dkl��D%���ݥ�H"HP6{�D�%.v���.�?����b��X1�u�3JE�a�����?���;{�~�������?���\��?���5Q����42Ie%�������sv?��"g��.����2��2�Dx3�%� Consequently, most older orchards in South Africa were initially planted with four times the number of trees compared with 50 to 100 mature trees after final thinning. ... A good crop on a normal Hass avocado would give 15-16 tonnes per hectare, the Maluma can yield in excess of 20 tonnes per hectare." “Benik” yields about 116 pounds of medium to large avocados a year. <> Even the wines famously grown in the Cape provinces may one day have to move aside for the avocado. The price can go from €14 (R226) per 4kg box during the lower season to €8 (R129) in peak production. © 2020 Independent Online and affiliated companies. Skin Thick, green, pebbly skin changes colour to purple/black when ripe/ready to eat. All the trees were shaped as central leaders in the nursery and selectively hand pruned. Characteristics In the vast majority of cases, Some farmers have The trees were grown at medium (606 trees per ha) or high density (1667 trees per ha). The humidity should exceed 50 % at 14:00. Only at great cost and over a long period will it be possible to change pH values below 3,5 to make the soils suitable for avocado production. The trees average more than 20 tonnes per hectare in South Africa, and are yielding 10 to 15 per cent greater than Hass in Chile. “There are also areas that were either bush or some grazing that have been planted to avocados.”. 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