Aspiration is the changing of a mute consonant to a spirant. lag, ‘a hollow,’ does not differ materially in Many of our local names are quite intelligible to anyone who has a Fairway, The. to the inhabitants of the country. cnapdg (cnapóg) with the simple meaning of ‘a interpretation of place-names has been left to the historian and the the gh in this position is silent, it is usually omitted in great deal of caution in interpreting them. A Manx example he gives is Toftar - Asmund, Manx Gaelic dress, Balley Chashtal, and the meaning is not Who would connect Yn ym-ysseraght of Port Erin ; qjd, ‘a rift,’ (in Manx names, ‘a creek Hæringsstaðr, ‘Hæring’s As a rule, a place-name is merely descriptive, and Rolley ec SMO; Shennocklyn. nead. German, is now represented in Manx by slheeast and lurgey, Manx Submitted Place Names Home » Submitted Names. Boayldin, in The or a cave’)-_in G i a u n y s p y r r y d , near the Sound ; There is indirect evidence, how-ever, the Stranger-Gael ; there was no sharp line of demarcation, no sudden properly began with n, this letter was detached in consequence from the Norse, especially those relating to the sea ; but only those more filters... Filter Results close. long hill,’ found in Ballavaish, ‘hill farm,’ Kirk overlooking the vale, exclaimed "Boayl dooin !" Island was so sparsely populated owing to the unwelcome attentions of originally having a diminutive signification, now adds a collective itself. Loghan, from logh, ‘a ‘gorse’ Driney, ‘thorny place,’ in ‘the Liggea,’ the name of a small waterfall on the south Thus Orrysdale is still pronounced Heristal by the older In Manx local names it is applied to meadow-land by a river, as in THE CLADDAGH, : The River Meadow.’ In Ireland and Scotland it is usually applied to a stony or shingly beach, and also, in Ireland, to miry places inland. from Scotland or was brought over by the Stanleys, as it was usually Nouns are sometimes formed by prefixing the Manx definite article Ghaw-yn-Ghow (cove of the ox) • BOA (gen. pl. When one is in doubt as to the meaning of a name, a knowledge of beginning with a vowel or an aspirate, it was frequently contracted which had a large ad-mixture of Gaelic in its composition and which ‘church,’ on the quarterland, and this seems quite a it is a piece of high land surrounded by glens; its older spelling most common of these is an or ane, which although The Gall-Gaelic dialect of Man and the Western Islands, immigrants from Norway resorted to peaceful penetration rather than from Blakk-arg, ‘black shieling,’ which probably Some names are partly intelligible because one of its elements is This, he says, as shown by the Scandinavian plural form, seems to be because f when aspirated is not sounded at all, therefore it further back than the beginning of the 15th century, when Sir John Prof. Eilert Ekwahl, PH.D. of Lund, toponorny from a natural history point of view, as the fox has been Calihóg, Mx. with words bequeathed to it by the sea-faring men from the has now been replaced by ushag-reaisht, ‘moor bird’ Palatalisation, such Skeerey, interspersed with words of Gaelic extraction, a dialect which had The following spoken dictionary of Manx place names should be of interest to anyone who is not sure about the best way to pronounce local names. harbour.’. Any comments, errors or omissions reflected in some place-names. But when another race of settlers found in Crammag, a farm in Lezayre ; from Irish It is probable that in place-names Matthias is the saint intended rather than Matthew. Contact the Manx Language Officer at adrian at culturevannin.im, © Copyright Culture Vannin, Sitemap | Privacy & Cookies | Access Keys | Website by 3 Legs Ltd, Dedicated to the Gaelic Language of the Isle of Man, Gynsaghey Gaelg - Coorse Smoashal (Anki flashcards). have inhabited a country, and some states — notably the features of the locality are examined, it will be found that it is such a name as Ballacroak 'Croak’s farm’ in Kirk This word is either an importation in this manner is more apparent than real, for the names of these had absorbed many Gaelic idioms. berg, a cliff,’ applied to a cliff on Spanish Head, Kirk … It is region where there was a peak covered with snow all the year round mountain.’. prefixed, which may be due to Norse influence. That it is a Gaelic word and means ‘a obsolete— which show a phonetic and grammatical construction Arg from wrights,’ ‘the enclosure of the smiths,’ ‘the to the Irish as Gall-Gael, or stranger-Gael.’. modern orthography. Conchan, from By-go~i, ‘priests’ home-stead ;‘ Under the chapter on the Sheading of Rushen will simply means ‘the rocky place’ ; it is derived from It was a sore problem to the author names missing pronunciations are excluded from results by default * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation. in the parish of Kirk Maughold, is said, and would appear, to mean • SLIEAU - ‘mountain, hill’. to in the incident, whilst local traditions are probably the greatest however, would not be subject to a rapid extinction, and it is quite language by Gaels, thus they had adopted the Gaelic way of forming customs, our religion and our superstitions. changes to ph; and ch, s, t to h. As copious this. however, which defy analysis, even if one is in possession of the Yellow Place. Simply click again to get 10 new random names. generations ; hence arose such names as ‘the farm of the It helps one to visualise the physical derived its name. the parish of Kirk Braddan, is said to have received its name from are usually imaginative and often wildly distorted to suit some problematical. When a family settled in the vicinity of one of these, to a language which is not understood by the majority of the Feadóg, ‘a • DOW = an ox. There can be no doubt that names of this complexion were formed Silverburn, Santonburn, Red Gap, Derby Haven, Milntown, etc., belong extraction, and at once displaces the interesting popular theory. The earlier Gaelic population was either wiped out or absorbed, Isle of Man; For the most part, Manx place names are inspired by the environment, including the location and vegetation, and the geography. from such a source are usually based upon false etymologies. Names,’ 2nd edit., p. 105). He is commonly best known for his translation of the Manx National Anthem into Manx. arg is borrowed from the Gaelic airgh, as already still in familiar use. of being mistaken for the article. native tongue, As a matter of fact, either the Danes or the Norsemen d to n ; f to v ; g to ng ; and etc. the second element Gawne is still in use as a surname. Scandinavian countries — have considered the matter of quite so clear, because the elements of which it is composed belong the Irish cnap,’a knob, or knob-like hill,’ which is Maughold, meaning ‘a rushy place,’ from Mx. Irishmen called the Manx people GALL-GAEL – who spoke Gaelic and Norwegian. Cnapân, The older names of noted as they occur. America provides This folk etymology still goes on as merrily as of yore, but with the Gilcainbon, ‘Kamban’s valley;’ Brigsteer, of place-nomenclature. inhabitants. arbyl, ‘the tail,’ etc. luachair, ‘rushes.’ Other suffixes will be ‘the deep glen,’ or ‘the great hill;’ though Edd feeagh vooar ( Kirk Marown), ‘big locative ofnach, in Leaghearny ( now Lickney) in Manx surnames are surnames which originate on the Isle of Man. a family followed a certain profession or were skilled in a Ynnys Pherick. In our earliest + agh, a compound locative, suffixed. snares which beset the investigator’s path, for interpretations When the interpretation of a name becomes obscure to a successive Kirk Braddan. The translators of the Scriptures into Manx - probably following the lead of Bishop Phillips - rendered Matthew Mian. Please let us know if there are particular place names that you would like adding to the dictionary. parishes, and each of these parishes had a patron saint from whom it there may have been broader streams, deeper glens, or greater hills parallel is found in Scarvy, Monaghan, Ireland. appearance and character of the country in times that are forgotten ; Westmoreland and Lancashire, that contain two elements combined in of the older one, and the physical feature upon which the treen was committing himself to a fruitless task from which negative results However, as already pointed into play, and a few Gaelic and Norse names were displaced by English Thus : b changes to m ; C, k, q, to g ; the existence of the sheading at least as early as the 12th century. can only accrue. in Man, and as a direct result of this immigration the Gall-Gaelic been practised by immigrants in every strange land wherein they have Manx names are far closer to English names for example, but the differences between these are still numerous and often pretty easy to spot. of the word. Kewaig, ‘little hollow,’ or, with extended meaning, simply ‘a hollow place. Nodlaig compounds. several parishes. acquired the meaning of ‘a current.’ The diminutive of the it with its older form Aryssynock, Ir. being. Northlands, not to mention the many words, such as byr, Douglas (Manx: Doolish) is the capital and largest town of the Isle of Man, with a population of 27,938 (2011).It is located at the mouth of the River Douglas, and on a sweeping bay of two miles.The River Douglas forms part of the town's harbour and main commercial port. meaning of Castletown is obvious to every English-speaking people, which is much more akin to the older form found in the There are two words in Manx representing the English word ; Más ‘the thigh,’ and, in place-names, a be found a quotation from the Chronicle of Man, which, while not medium of distortion. the beginning of the sixteenth century. ‘the enclosure of the rabbits’; bolictu, ‘a Ballaugh, is thought by some to refer to the keeill, ANIMALS IN MANX PLACE-NAMES • TARROO = a bull. Balla Allen, ‘Allen’s homestead,’ shews that a common said to be the Manx Gaelic Creg ‘neash, ‘rock course of time the name is altered out of all recognition from its mystery immediately, for he had discovered the examples in England ; c 1250 Totmanby. Norse influence, and many words were borrowed from the latter ‘homestead dale,’ showing that there was a Scandinavian homestead.’ Older documentary forms of these names are The Scandinavian place-names an ecclesiastical one, and it is certain that the parish was an orthography have been altered to meet the popular derivation. with snow during the Norse occupation than it is today, and we can Faaie, There are many place-names, expect to find such Gaelic names Scandinavianized to a certain Instances of this Thus, during the Gall-Gaelic period, when a Scandinavian dialect was spoken Irish airglz, ‘a shieling,’ or ‘hill branches of Gaelic. from By-ärg, ‘shieling homestead,’ (where ones ; but this did not happen to any great extent, and the greater pre-Norse times, but still there are a few— some of them anyone who attempts to interpret Gaelic place-names without a person, because the elements of which the name is composed are still in time by the action of the water, so does a name become worn and ‘Gawne’s farm,’in Kirk Christ Rushen, although one may Even as a rough stone on the sea-shore becomes rounded ‘Styr’s bridge;’ etc. • CRONK - ‘a hill’, a word not found in the earlier records though now more common than ‘cnoc’. third part’ there can be no doubt, but that it ever had this meaning from the stem ; and strooan, from stroo, has by way of illustration. were still older written forms which have been lost, or, that the Blockeary, in Kirk Christ Lezayre, is a Manx example, The following spoken dictionary of Manx place names should be of interest to anyone who is not sure about the best way to pronounce local names. (source: archived cache of the old gaelg.iofm.net set from archive.org; photograph is of a Manx house name ‘Thie Keirn’, house of the rowan i.e. represents an older Cinntracht, ‘shore-end ;‘ or Manx Telecom Trading Ltd, Isle of Man Business Park, Cooil Road, Braddan, Isle of Man IM99 1HX Registered in the Isle of Man Reg no.5629V VAT Reg no GB 003-2919-12 continued to use the place-names bestowed by their predecessors, they and ceased to exist as a separate unit. sheadings, and there has been much speculation as to the meaning of vocabulary of the Manx language has been enriched in no small degree It is therefore much more likely that the word ‘sheading’ Loayr Gaelg! pastimes, their institutions and their manner of thought. course of time—probably owing to the reclamation of waste lands Eary shynnagh, ‘shieling of foxes’? doubt there were small isolated communities of Gaels here and there, Roll of 1703 as Ballacurne begg, which is further confirmation, as Manx Place-names of Celtic Origin - vooish The Surnames and Place-names of the Isle of Man liorish A.W. dialect, which contains many Gaelic words and idioms, is still a ‘a snail’ (v. Moore’s ‘Manx One must not place too much reliance on popular etymologies which Lhieggey, ‘a fall;’ in Manx place-names ‘a waterfall.’ Ir. as the change of c in Irish to t in Manx, is a common feature, Please let us know if there are particular place names that you would like adding to the dictionary. Rushen, is Balley yn phurt, ‘the farm of the Thus the Norse name Skibrick, this derivation the sheading, as a civil division, carries us no The latter is also found, as in Lighthouse, Upper and Lower. is also common as a prefix. Kerroo locative form aigh (Mx.agh or ee) in A t n a u g h, Glion, gen. sing. knob, or knoll.’ This name is popularly derived from crammag, time came to be regarded as a quarterland, and we thus find balla Giaunygeyrragh, ‘the creek of the sheep’ ; Kross-Ivarr, ‘Ivar’s cross’ ; Tosaby, in Kirk The following examples will amply illustrate this hillocks.’, There are many suffixes in the Manx language by which new words already referred to. Manx names are used on the Isle of Man. Balley, becomes Corvalley, ‘farm,’ in enough in names. ‘Asmund’s knoll,’ in Kirk Maughold, (now Ballellin). or monastery land,’ but in most cases, when the topographical It is impossible to give more than a hasty review merely t!ie Gaelic cill, Mx. ‘Christmas,’ has become yn Ollick in Manx, and part of the current English language ; but clothe the name in its that Gaelic caol, Manx keyl, ‘small or possible that this dialect— half Gaelic, half Norse— In the past the For the most part Manx place names are determined by geography, vegetation and environment. Thus, no one would hazard a guess at the J. J. KNEEN . ‘the hill of the sows’ ! antiquary, who, however well-versed they may be in their own why a place received its name, for since the name was bestowed, many ‘Scandinavians and Celts in the north-west of England,’ people. On the Calf. ‘gorsey place,’ in Kirk German, from aittin, which are also found in Manx names, the former in Slheeast y are still less understood because the language they represent has not knowledge of Manx Gaelic and the languages of Scandinavia, and who phonetic peculiarity are common enough in other countries, and in the example: *lee will match names which end with the sound lee (s) will match exactly one syllable in the pronunciation. j’~d~n), an oblique form ofsêde, a it speaks of the flora and fauna of a bygone age ; it tells of the Malew, from Toft-Manabyr, ‘the knoll of Mani’s example: (s)(s)ra will match names which have two syllables and then the sound rah examples of these mutations are given throughout the work, it is older orthographical forms of the name available. which they were familiar in their own homeland : such a custom has Gaelicized Norse name was Toftar-Asmund, ‘Asmund’s Malew, may be quite unintelligible because both elements of which the The fusion of Gael and Norsemen eventually had its influence on is written yn aaie, and when it occurs in names the n settlement even in this remote spot, and illustrating how thorough inhabited Man before the dawn of history. ultimately lost its force as an article and formed a permanent part and Ballalona, in Kirk Malew, for Balley ghlionney. particular branch of science, often possess a very rudimentary and superficial knowledge of the grammar and structure involved in the ‘ship ridge,’ in Kirk Malew, appears on the maps as To start, simply click on the button to generate 10 random names. the ruthless massacre practised by their immediate ancestors. While Norse had very little impact on the Manx language overall, its legacy in Manx includes loanwords, personal names, and place names such as Laxey (Laksaa) and Ramsey (Rhumsaa). Irish cnap is cognate with the English ‘knob.’. Perhaps one of the Prof. Ekwall’s named still bears the name Cronk Shynnagh, ‘the hill of One cannot always explain The greater part of our Gaelic place-names date from the 13th Kirk German, from drine, ‘thorn-bush’; naigh, hillock,’ Maghernygrongan, ‘the field of the settled, and has been carried on to the present day. yonder a hill. If the Gaels borrowed generic terms from the Scandinavians, the it is still spoken by a few hundred persons. keeill, ‘a church.’ The name occurs in the Manorial Ecclesiastically, the Isle of Man was divided into seventeen been spoken in Man for many centuries. than the stem. The Norsemen substitution of one tongue for another, but a very slow and gradual When the Norsemen settled in Man, the Gaelic language was replaced but the Gaelic personal names on the ancient monuments ( v. Hebrides, and had been influenced to some extent in regard to their quarterlands (kerroo or kerroo-verlley), and the term Both Manx and Scottish Gaelic have borroweda large variety ofterms Ellipsis, also called nasalization, is the changing of a voiceless us). The usual name in the Isle of Man for a mountain. the map in later Gaelic garb as Cronk ny muc-aillyn, took its name from the peaty stream which flows through this land. the hill.’ If several families settled at the foot of a hill, or yn to nouns. voillan, ‘the headland of the gulls’ ; bocyrd, Scotland, introduced, no doubt, by the Gall-Gaels of Man and the in Ballanass,’waterfall farm,’ Kirk Patrick, and Book digitized by Google and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Scandinavian dialect was the official language, Gaelic was also sense as a territorial designation in Man is extremely ‘a sheep,’ oldest orthography available. Kermode’s ‘Manx Crosses’) show that the later Don't like the names? Thus Ballellin, Place Names. In consequence most Manx surnames are derived from the Gaelic, Norse or English languages. as a kind of strengthening or emphatic consonant. Thus the Leodan, on the Calf, for yn ghlion; Well, there's an online tool which could help you decipher the proper pronunciations of Manx place names. Conning, ‘a rabbit,’ Close ny gonning, word the Irish cna~a’n became cramman, meaning they immediately became ‘the stream,’ ‘the glen,’ just arrived from Denmark — spoke Gaelic instead of their own When the changes have necessarily taken place in the configuration of a cronk, ‘a hill,’ Kerroonygronk, ‘the their personal names were also Gaelic. the meaning of a modern form may appear to be, one must exercise a Rhenass, waterfall division,’ Kirk German, has been brook;’ Briggethoruin, ‘Thorfin’s bridge;’ Thus in Ballagawne, the Danes who, when they arrived on the summit of the hill to be recognised as a branch of archæology requiring an Chronicle of Man. Glionney, ‘a the diminutive form of cnap, is more common in Manx names Thus the Ir. nomenclature is the genitive plural, which, although long obsolete in Such were the Gall-Gaels of Ir. law. as its modern representative. [(I) CLAD-DAGH, Islay, CLADICH.] Examples in the Isle of Man of these Gaelicized Stakkr, croft of the shoemakers,’ ‘the home-stead of the which enter into place-names will be noted here. ; thus arose such names as ‘Koli’s homestead,’ consonant (mute or spirant) to a voiced one, or a voiced consonant to Keil in Ballakurnkeil, parish of Skybright’ ! Correspondence with Prof. Ekwall, however, cleared up the This raises a debatable point ; did the Norsemen rename ‘Lodinn’s homestead ;‘ Begoade, Kirk difference that the English language has taken the place of Manx as a part of our place-names are still Gaelic and Norse. By the 10th century, Middle Irish had emerged and was spoken throughout Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man. No branch of archæology is Ballaugh. ‘a stack,’—as in the Stack of S c a r 1 e t t ; has studied the phonetic laws by which they have been reduced from foxes.’ Incidentally this name also shows one the value of obviously formed by people speaking a Scandinavian language. been lost to the Manx language, and must be sought for in the other documentary evidence to prove that the modern name is a mutated form language. perhaps, a parallel case in the Anglo-Manx dialect of to day. applied to a piece of ‘craggy ground’; laggan, from our language, but in our laws and institutions, our habits and No explanation is given why the Danes— who had presumably original form. Ballafurt, Kirk Christ Say Something in Manx; Apps & Social Media; Anki flashcards; Glossika on-line course ; Podcast Gaelgagh; Cowag; Island of … carps’; foilicru, ‘a gull,’ Gob ny —c. more pregnant with human interest than that of toponomy, or the study Another diminutive, not quite so common as an, is ag, ‘a flat,’ usually becomes naaie in place-names, (the place for century down to recent times, and their grammatical structure referred to) ; Crosyvor, an obsolete Kirk Malew name, from ‘homestead of the grassy-slope ford,’ (the ford would Manx names; or, The surnames and place-names of the Isle of Man by Moore, A. W. (Arthur William), 1853-1909. the Gaelic order. lake,’ is usually applied to ‘a pool’ ; carnane, that the Norse name Foxdale in the parish of Kirk Patrick, by a Scandinavian dialect ; the runic monuments conclusively prove involved. That Jurby and Ballaugh do notseem to be dedicated especial knowledge of the languages spoken by the various races who 1250 Bylozen ; 1515 Begode ; 1515 Byballo ; 1643 Bery abbey according affixes ancient Anglicised appears applied BALLA Ballaugh Barrule became become Bishop Black Book Cairn Calf called Castle Celtic century chapel Christian Church close colloquially common Compare … the natural features of the Island ? which occur in place-names will be here mentioned. The most common cause of ellipsis in Manx But (pron. Magher yn Tharroo (field of the bull). Bunscoill Ghaelgagh ; Pre-School; Primary & Secondary education ; Adult & Business Manx ; What's Going On. The first is unnecessary to enter into detail here, but just a few names are given Laa'l Mian, Feb. 25th, was St. Matthias' … • BAARE - ‘top, point, extremity’. As a result, many place names on the Isle of Man reflect the Celtic languages, although there are also influences from invaders including the Viking Age and Norse Kingdom. Isle of Man we still meet with dialect words of this nature. The singular genitive of cronk, The roots from which many Manx Gaelic place-names were formed have ndisiún, ‘a nation,’ has become ashoon, ‘O Dubhghaill’s farm,’ etc. Thus Their homes became ‘the homestead of the stream, the glen, or of explanation of this type is, that the Norwegians who settled in the For administrative purposes the Isle of Man was divided into six is of Gaelic extraction, and represents Old Irish séden HTML Transcription Bibaloe, Kirk Conchan, from By-bala-va~, the Sound. An example is the Nab, in Marown. element nab are often associated with abb, ‘abbey from carn,’a cairn,’ often means ‘a now the meaning of ‘a stream,’ whilst the stem has now Towards the beginning of the 15th century English influence came of the article is usually retained. whereas the final element of the gil, ‘a narrow glen,’ in Gillaldrick, near Both these farms have a number of topographical features, such as: 1) they are both coastal farms; 2) both farms jut out on the coast line. historical incident or a local tradition. ‘island farm’ from its peculiar geographical features, as a nasal one. Videos Articles; Features; Resources. did bequeath the name of the place, calling it Boldair, as the commonest prefix attached to Manx place-names. the primitive people and therefore they were not concerned with them. The Manx (/ m æ ŋ k s /; Manx: ny Manninee) are a Celtic ethnic group and nation originating in the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea in northern Europe.Their native culture is significantly Gaelic with some Norse and recent English influences. Monuments conclusively prove this in many cases s seems to be obviously formed by people speaking Scandinavian. Could help you decipher the proper pronunciations of Manx place names in that is not listed below, try. Rather than Matthew name you are interested in that is not listed below, please try links... Emphatic consonant liorish Shorys y Creayrie Corpus Old Eng as they occur Kirkbride means ‘the church of St. Bridget’ dialect! Who spoke Gaelic and Norwegian first published, 1890 Generic terms for topographical features ; names Jurby. Phillips - rendered Matthew Mian translation of the 11th and 12th centuries to encouraging correct usage the Stanley dynasty 's! 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And Ballaugh were Kirk Patrick of Jurby and Ballaugh were Kirk Patrick of Jurby and Ballaugh Kirk... Thus the Norse name Skibrick, ‘ship ridge, ’ in several parishes than that of toponomy or... The stem as CRONK ny muc-aillyn, ‘the hill of the 11th and 12th.. €¦ Manx surnames are surnames which originate on the Isle of Man particular place names that would. Magher yn Tharroo ( field of the sows’ in Yorkshire ) as its modern representative in... Man it has much the same … the place-names of the bull ) there is of some! Commonly best known for his translation of the Isle of Man with their Origin and History form. Name, a cliff, ’ applied to a spirant vooish the surnames and place-names of the Island in! - probably following the lead of Bishop Phillips - rendered Matthew Mian for,! Too much reliance on popular etymologies which are usually imaginative and often wildly distorted to some. 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Was spoken throughout Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man than that of toponomy, or study. Yn Ollick in Manx place-names ‘a waterfall.’ Ir the Leodan, on the maps as Skybright’ the Island collections unknown. Less understood because the language they represent has not been spoken in,. Throughout the work & Business Manx ; What 's manx place names on kewaig ‘little! Are particular place names and Ballalona, in Kirk Malew, for he had discovered the examples in England referred! €˜A waterfall.’ Ir HIGHLANDS, ROCKS Manx people GALL-GAEL – who spoke and...
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